Richard St. George: Timeline

Explore this detailed timeline of Richard St. George's life, personal trauma, and untimely death below.

ca. 1752

  • Born Richard St. George Mansergh, the son of Major James Mansergh and Mary St. George, in Headford, Ireland.


  • Begins his studies at Trinity College, Cambridge in England.


  • Publishes his first original “macaroni” cartoon in London. He publishes 10 different cartoons in 1772 and 1773.


  • Inherits a maternal relative’s Irish estate and adds his relative’s surname to become Richard St. George Mansergh St. George, or Richard St. George for short. 


  • Graduates from Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • Hears news of the outbreak of war in America.
  • Purchases a commission as a cornet (the lowest ranking officer) in the 8th Regiment of Dragoons, his grandfather’s and father’s old regiment.


  • Purchases an ensign’s commission in the 4th Regiment of Foot.
  • Poses for his portrait by Thomas Gainsborough.
  • Sails for war in America.
  • Arrives in New York and fights in his first battle on Long Island.
  • Assaults Fort Washington and guards American prisoners.
  • Purchases a lieutenant’s commission in the 52nd Regiment’s light infantry company.


  • Marches to fight against George Washington’s army in New Jersey.
  • Sails south to attack Philadelphia and lands in Maryland at the north end of the Chesapeake Bay.
  • Fights in the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge in Delaware.
  • Receives a wound in the heel at the Battle of Brandywine.
  • Attacks Anthony Wayne’s Pennsylvania troops at the Battle of Paoli.
  • Escorts American prisoners to Philadelphia.
  • Shot in the head at the Battle of Germantown.
  • Survives head surgery in Philadelphia and begins his recovery.


  • Purchases a captain’s commission in the 44th Regiment but does not serve with the regiment.
  • Takes his leave from the British Army because of his head wound and returns home to Ireland.
  • Publishes a cartoon in London called A View in America in 1778.


  • Travels to Naples, Italy and meets Xavier della Gatta who paints the battles of Paoli and Germantown based on St. George’s descriptions.


  • Hosts a costume party at his English estate and entertains Sir Brooke Boothby, poet Anna Seward, and artist Henry Fuseli.
  • Hears the news of the end of the American Revolutionary War.


  • Travels to Rome and tours the Vatican.


  • Visits the “Ladies of Llangollen” in Wales and tells them stories of his life.
  • Marries Anne Stepney. Together they have two sons, Richard James Mansergh St. George (b. 1789) and Stepney St. George (b. 1791).


  • Hears news of a growing revolution in France and the storming of the Bastille in Paris.


  • Mourns the death of his wife Anne Stepney St. George.


  • Hears the news of the execution of French King Louis XVI.
  • Learns of the outbreak of war between the new French Republic and Great Britain.


  • Commissions his portrait by Hugh Douglas Hamilton that conveys his grief over the death of his wife.


  • Seeks out and stops rebellious activity on his Irish properties that he felt threatened his land ownership and British rule in the country.


  • Ambushed and killed by a group of his Irish tenants in County Cork who are influenced by the United Irishmen and the Defenders.
  • Eulogized at his funeral at St. Mary’s Church in Athlone, Ireland for having devoted his life to defending the British Crown. 
  • Fondly remembered by friends as war and revolution consume Ireland in May 1798.