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Museum of the American Revolution
Museum of the American Revolution

On the night of Sept. 20-21, 1777, a column of British soldiers launched a surprise attack on Continental Army troops encamped in a field near modern-day Malvern, Pennsylvania. In the ensuing struggle, known as the Battle of Paoli, British light infantrymen and light dragoons inflicted heavy casualties on Pennsylvania Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's fleeing troops. British Army light infantry Lieutenant Richard St. George Mansergh St. George, an Irish artist and veteran of the battle, commissioned this painting by Italian artist Xavier della Gatta in 1782 to remember the violence and trauma he experienced at Paoli.

Artwork Details

  • Battle of Paoli
    Painted by Xavier della Gatta
    Naples, Italy
    Gouache on Paper
    Museum of the American Revolution


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Paoli Numbers 0

Breaking Down Xavier della Gatta's Battle of Paoli Painting

British Army officer Richard St. George remembered Paoli as a “nocturnal bloody scene” and helped create the detailed painting of the battle.
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Image 082720 Cost Of Revolution 5 Jgx10766

Cost of Revolution: The Life and Death of an Irish Soldier

September 28, 2019 - March 17, 2020
Cost of Revolution: The Life and Death of an Irish Soldier followed the untold story of Irish soldier and artist Richard St. George, whose personal trauma and untimely death provide a window into the entangled histories of the American Revolution of 1776 and the Irish Revolution of 1798.
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Image 091020 3x2 Battle Germantown Xavier Della Gatta Cost Revolution
Museum of the American Revolution 

Battle of Germantown

This artwork by Italian painter Xavier della Gatta depicts a scene from the Battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777.
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